A shocking 128,000 children in Britain will wake up homeless and in temporary accommodation this Christmas, a new report by Shelter reveals.
One in every 111 children is currently homeless, and with the country still at the mercy of a worsening housing crisis, 2017 has seen the highest numbers of homeless children in a decade.
These children are hidden away, in flats, houses, cheap hotels and shared HMOs.
At least one in eleven live in what is classed as emergency accommodation where they share facilities – and in some cases share rooms – with other families.
Around least 140 families become homeless every day, and in the last year alone, 61% of families helped by Shelter’s frontline services were homeless or on the brink of losing their home.
In response to such huge demand, the charity is calling on the public to help fund its frontline advisers by supporting its urgent Christmas appeal.
To expose the devastating reality of homelessness, Shelter carried out in-depth interviews with children and their parents living in emergency B&Bs and hostels.
This is widely considered the worst type of temporary accommodation.
In the unique investigation:
- Every family lived in a single room which significantly disrupts the children’s ability to play, do homework and carry out any kind of daily routine
- A quarter of families had no access to a kitchen at all, and the rest had to make do with shared facilities. Struggling to cook meals, more than half of parents said they rely on expensive and unhealthy takeaways. And two-thirds had to eat family meals on the bed or floor of their room
- Half of families had to share toilet and bathroom facilities with other households, often with filthy conditions and unlockable doors, meaning strangers could walk in at any moment
- More than a third of parents had to share a bed with their children. Three quarters say bedtimes have become difficult and half say their children are more tired
In England, where the highest number of families are placed into B&Bs, 45% stay beyond the six-week legal limit.
Shelter’s s findings lay bare the psychological turmoil experienced by families living in these cramped conditions for often long periods of time, including:
- Three quarters of parents felt their children’s mental health had been badly affected. One parent said her daughter had become suicidal since living in the hostel
- Half of parents reported that their children’s physical health had also worsened, with incidents of bed bug infestations, and broken heating causing children to fall ill
- Children spoke about feeling anxious, afraid and ashamed. Several children described school as a respite. For one it was the only place he felt happy, another felt stressed at the thought of returning to her accommodation at the end of the school day
- Children also talked about their school work suffering because of long journeys to school each day, poor and broken sleep, and having no space or quiet-time to do their homework
Some of families had previously stayed in dormitory style accommodation that they were expected to share with other parents and their children.
Not only were the rooms small, more than half of families said that their room was in poor condition.
Examples of disrepair included dirty or broken mattresses and beds, fragile furniture as well as damp rooms and rodent infestations.
More three quarters of families shared kitchen facilities with other families.
In one case this was as many as 25 people to one kitchen.
Hygiene standards were variable and five families mentioned animal infestations including insects, mice and, in one case, rats.
Six families had no access to kitchen facilities apart from a small kettle.
Families living in hotels had no access to water apart from through a bathroom sink – they had to buy and store their own potable water.
Half of the families had to share toilet and washing facilities.
More than half rated the condition as poor or inadequate.
Families spoke about a variety of serious and unpleasant problems with bathrooms – including unlockable doors, mould and broken shower heads.
This meant that keeping children clean and dry became a daily struggle.
Several families raised safety concerns about the distance from the bedrooms to bathrooms.
Bathrooms could be far away from their room, sometimes on different floors.
This meant that parents had to coordinate trips to the toilet while supervising children.
Half of families had no access to laundry facilities, a further four had to pay an average of £3 for one wash.
Many families were worried about who they were living alongside.
Families reported living next door to partner violence, being assaulted themselves by other residents and finding discarded drug paraphernalia in corridors and shared areas.
Young people also worried about who they were living next to.
Polly Neate, chief executive of Shelter, said: “It’s a national scandal that the number of homeless children in Britain has risen every year for the last decade.
“No child should have to spend Christmas without a home – let alone 128,000 children.
“Many of us will spend Christmas day enjoying all of the festive traditions we cherish, but sadly it’ll be a different story for the children hidden away in cramped B&Bs or hostel rooms.
“Imagine living in a noisy strange place full of people you don’t know, and waking up exhausted from having no choice but to share a bed with your siblings or parents.
“That’s why our frontline advisers will continue to work tirelessly, including on Christmas day, to help more families fighting homelessness.
“But we can’t do this alone.
“We’re asking people to help a homeless family and make giving to Shelter their new Christmas tradition.”
Twins Ellie and Amy, aged 15, are currently homeless and living in temporary accommodation.
Until a few weeks ago they were living in a tiny hotel room which they shared with the rest of their family.
They had no access to a kitchen and only shared bathroom facilities, the twins also had to share a bed.
Amy said: “We’re living in a B&B.
“It’s a small room with five people living in it.
“It’s got one double bed and one single bed.
“It’s not even a proper bed…it’s a camp bed.
“Three people sleep in the double bed with one person at the bottom and two people at the top.
“And two in the single bed.
“I sleep next to my brother, he kicks. My mum talks in her sleep.
“There’s a tiny toilet with a shower but my brother doesn’t like showers because he’s autistic so he has to bath in a bucket.
“He stands in it and mum tips a cup over him – he screams if you try and put him in the shower.”
Ellie said: “It’s hard to concentrate at school because there’s the worry about coming home.
“It’s just stressful – there’s nowhere we can relax or get any privacy.
“Before it was much better, We had our own home right near school and right near our friends.
“We all had our own rooms and a cooker and a fridge.
“We could eat proper meals – I just want it to be like it was before.”
To support Shelter’s urgent Christmas appeal please visit www.shelter.org.uk or text SHELTER to 70080 to donate £3.